BOLLYWOOD is the nick name of the Hindi film industry, which is situated in Mumbai, India. It is also known as Hindi cinema. It is mostly used by foreigners as a metaphor to define the whole Indian cinema but it is only a part of huge Indian cinema which includes other films produced in other Indian languages. It is the largest film producer in India as it represents 43% of net box office revenue. Tamil and Telugu cinema’s contribution is 36% and 21% is for the rest of the language according to 2014 report. It is also considered as one of the greatest film production centres in the world. Moreover, it is also one of the huge film industries in the globe in terms of employment generation and amount of films produced.

DADASAHEB PHALKE is known as the father of BOLLYWOOD and Indian cinema. His first film was Raja Harish Chandra, produced in 1913 and was also India’s first silent feature film. In the era of 1930, this industry was producing over 200 films per year. ALAM ARA produced in 1931 was India’s first ever sound film, which got huge success. The other film industries saw that sound films had a huge market. So these industries including BOLLYWOOD quickly decided to switch over sound filming. In the times of 1930’s and 1940’s, India was suffering with a great depression of World War 2, the independence movement and the fear of partition. There were many filmmakers, who handled many issues at that time. They used the struggle of India for its independence as a theme of their films. KISAN KANYA, a Hindi language film was India’s first ever colour film produced in 1937. The producer of this made another film in the very next year, which was a version of mother India. However this colour feature did not became popular till 1950’s.

After the independence, the period of late 1940’s to 1960’s was considered as a golden age of the Hindi cinema. Some of the most daringly applauded Hindi films of all the time were produced in this period for example: PYASSA in 1957, KAAGAZ KE PHOOL in 1959, AWAARA in 1951 and Shree 420 in 1955. These films mainly concentrated on social issues especially dealing with the urban life in India. Some of the epic films ever produced in Indian cinema were also produced at that time for example: Mother India in 1957 and MUGHAL-E-AZAM in 1960. The major actors at this time were DEV ANAND, DILIP KUMAR, GURU DUTT and the stunning actresses were MEENA KUMARI, MADHUBALA and MALA SINHA. Romantic films and action movies came into action in the late 1960’s and early 1970’s starring actors like RAJESH KHANNA, SHAMMI KAPOOR, SHASHI KAPOOR etc. and various actresses like MUMTAZ, SHARMILA TAGORE, ASHA PAREKH etc. Violent films related to gangsters and Indian mafia also came into action in the mid 1970’s. The superstar AMITABH BACHHAN, who is very famous for his “angry young man” personality created this type of films with other actors like JACKIE SHROFF, ANIL KAPOOR, SANJAY DUTT and SUNNY DEOL. Famous actresses in this period were HEMA MALINI, JAYA BACHHAN, SMITA PATIL, and REEKHA. There was a rise commercial cinema in 1970’s through some superb films like SHOLAY starring AMITABH BACHHAN as a lead actor. In 1980’s and 1990’s, a new era of family centred movies was started with some outstanding movies like MAINE PYAAR KIYA, CHANDANI, HUM AAPKE HAIN KAUN, RAJA HINDUSTANI, DIL TOH PAGAL HAI etc. Starring actors of new generation for example: AMIR KHAN, SALMAN KHAN, AKSHAY KUMAR, SHARUKH KHAN and Actresses like SRIDEVI, JUHI CHAWLA, KARISHMA KAPOOR and KAJOL. AKSHAY KUMAR gained immense popularity by performing dangerous and horrifying stunts in some of his action films such as KHILADI and other action films with actresses like TWINKLE KHANNA, SHILPA SHETTY and RAVEENA TANDON. The era of 2000-2010 belonged to the new stars like ABHISHEK BACHHAN, KAREENA KAPOOR, AMEESHA PATEL, VIVEK OBEROI, SHAHID KAPOOR, LARA DUTTA, PRIYANKA CHOPRA, with some of the outstanding movies like VEER ZAARA, KOI MIL GAYA, KRISSH, JAB WE MET, DHOOM 2, LAGE RAHO MUNNA BHAI, LAGAAN etc.

After 2010 the industry saw a comeback of established super stars with movies like EK THA TIGER, SULTAN, DABANGG, HAPPY NEW YEAR, RUSTOM, CHENNAI EXPRESS, KICK etc With new actresses in their opposite like DEEPIKA PADUKONE, ANUSHKA SHARMA, SONAKSHI SINHA etc. In this era, some new actors have also entered this industry with some stunning movies like RANVEER SINGH in RAMLEELA and BAJIRAO MASTANI. RANBIR KAPOOR, VARUN DHAWAN, SIDDHARTH MALHOTRA, ALIA BHATT, SHRADDHA KAPOOR, SONAM KAPOOR are some of the new entries in this industry.

From 2014 a new trend has been started of creating biopic of some of the finest legends of this country to show the struggle faced by these legends in their lives. Some of the stunning bio films are AZHAR, RUSTOM, SARABJEET, DANGAL, AIRLIFT, NEERJA, DHONI etc. BOLLYWOOD has always been a great source of entertainment for people since 1913 and I hope it will continue to be the same with some more inspirational movies. The history still continues….

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